CFA registration



Persian Cat History

Opinions vary on when the Persian cat first appeared, how it got its name, and how the breed spread across the globe. This article outlines some of the popular views about Persian cats.

There are references to the Persian cat in hieroglyphic records as early as 1684 B.C. It is believed that the Persian cat is named for its origin in "Persia". The Persian Empire covered a large area of the Near East including modern day Iran and Turkey.

Many historians believe Persian cats came to Europe during the Great Crusades in the 1300's. However, the Italian traveler and writer, Pietro della Valle, (1586 - 1652) has also been credited with bringing the Persian cat to Europe where they were believed to have been bred to Angoras. These varied historical references have confused the exact origin of the Persian cat.

It is believed that the Persian cat was brought to North America in the late 19th century. It has become the most popular breed in the United States. In the UK the Persian cat is known as the Longhair and each coat color is considered a different breed.

Over the years, the look of the Persian cat has changed. The head and eyes are more round and large while the size of the ears has decreased.

Persian cats were historically owned by royalty, including the King of Persia and European nobility. They were highly prized for their beautiful long flowing coats, expression, and wonderful temperament.

Persian cats come in a wide variety of colors. The list below reflects the divisions and colors recognized by the Cat Fanciers Association (CFA):

    • Solid Division
      • White Persian cat
      • Blue Persian cat
      • Black Persian cat
      • Red Persian cat
      • Cream Persian cat
      • Chocolate Persian cat
      • Lilac Persian cat
    • Silver and Golden Division
      • Chinchilla Silver Persian cat
      • Shaded Silver Persian cat
      • Blue Chinchilla Silver Persian
      • Blue Shaded Silver Persian
      • Chinchilla Golden Persian cat
      • Shaded Golden Persian cat
      • Blue Chinchilla Golden
      • Blue Shaded Golden
    • Shaded and Smoke Division
      • Shell Cameo (Red Chinchilla)
      • Shaded Cameo (Red Shaded)
      • Shell Cream (Cream Chinchilla)
      • Shaded Cream (Cream Shaded)
      • Shell Tortoiseshell
      • Shaded Tortoiseshell
      • Shell Blue-Cream
      • Shaded Blue-Cream
      • Black Smoke
      • Blue Smoke
      • Cream Smoke
      • Red Smoke
      • Tortoiseshell Smoke
      • Blue-Cream Smoke
    • Tabby
      • Silver Tabby
      • Silver Patched Tabby
      • Blue Silver Tabby
      • Blue Silver Patched Tabby
      • Red Tabby
      • Brown Tabby
      • Brown Patched Tabby
      • Blue Tabby
      • Blue Patched Tabby
      • Cream Tabby
      • Cameo Tabby
      • Cameo Silver Tabby
      • Chocolate Tabby
      • Chocolate Patched Tabby
      • Lilac Tabby
      • Lilac Patched Tabby
    • Particolor
      • Tortoiseshell (Tortie)
      • Blue-cream
      • Chocolate Tortoiseshell
      • Lilac-cream
    • Calico and Bicolor
      • Calico Persian cat
      • Dilute Calico Persian cat
      • Chocolate Persian cat
      • Lilac Persian cat
      • Bicolor Persian cat
        • Black and White
        • Blue and White
        • Red and White
        • Cream and White
        • Chocolate and White -
        • Lilac and White
      • Black Smoke and White
      • Blue Smoke and White
      • Red Smoke and White
      • Cream Smoke and White
      • Chocolate smoke and White
      • Lilac Smoke and White
      • Calico Smoke
      • Dilute Calico Smoke
      • Chocolate Calico Smoke
      • Lilac Calico Smoke
      • Shells and Shaded colors
      • Red Tabby & White
      • Brown Tabby & White
      • Patched Tabby & White
      • Other Tabby & White
    • Himalayan Persian cat .


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